Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS)Qualification Level: B
Norman Endler, Ph.D. and James Parker, Ph.D.
The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) is a 48-item measure of coping styles. Three main kinds of coping style are measured including:
Task Oriented Coping
• Emotion Oriented Coping
• Avoidance Coping
Additionally Avoidance Coping is broken into two components:
• Social Diversion
Individuals who score high on Task Oriented Coping use behavioral or cognitive problem-solving techniques when confronted with stress. Emotion Oriented Copers respond to stressful situations with emotional outbursts, self-preoccupation, or fantasy. Avoidance Copers rely on social supports or distract themselves with other activities.
The CISS is administered in less than 10 minutes and scored in less than 3 minutes. The QuikScore forms include scoring stencils and norms profiles. Separate forms are available for adults and adolescents.
(The CISS computer program is no longer available.)